International Relations

Challenges faced by EU Citizenship policy

18 Apr , 2013  

EU flag

‘Citizenship of the Union is hereby established.  Every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union.’ (Article 2, Treaty of Maastricht, 1992). It was with this short – and apparently simple – statement that Citizenship of the European Union (EU) was first formally established by the Treaty on […]

International Relations

The Effectiveness of the European Neighbourhood Policy

18 Apr , 2013  

EU Neighbourhood Policy

Launched by the European Union (EU) in 2004, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has provoked a vast array of academic enquiry and commentary.  Amongst the various contributors to this literature, there is widespread acknowledgement that the ENP has at best been only partially effective (Freyburg et al., 2009; Belchev and Nicolaides, 2010).  The point of […]